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The Atmospheric Boundary Layer

19 February 2012

**The Atmospheric Boundary Layer**

A comprehensive and lucid account of the physics and dynamics of the lowest one to two kilometers of the Earth's atmosphere in direct contact with the Earth's surface, known as the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). Dr. Garratt emphasizes the application of the ABL problems to numerical modeling of the climate, which makes this book unique among recent texts on the subject. He begins with a brief introduction to the ABL before leading to the development of mean and turbulence equations and the many scaling laws and theories that are the cornerstone of any serious ABL treatment. Modeling of the ABL is crucially dependent for its realism on the surface boundary conditions, so chapters four and five deal with aerodynamic and energy considerations, with attention given to both dry and wet land surfaces and the sea. The author next treats the structure of the clear-sky, thermally stratified ABL, including the convective and stable cases over homogeneous land, the marine ABL, and the internal boundary layer at the coastline. Chapter seven then extends this discussion to the cloudy ABL. This is particularly relevant to current research because the extensive stratocumulus regions over the subtropical oceans and stratus regions over the Arctic have been identified as key players in the climate system. In the final chapters, Dr. Garratt summarizes the book's material by discussing appropriate ABL and surface parameterization schemes in general circulation models of the atmosphere that are being used for climate stimulation....

19 February 2012

1992 | 334 | ISBN: 0521380529 | DJVU | 15 Mb

A comprehensive and lucid account of the physics and dynamics of the lowest one to two kilometers of the Earth's atmosphere in direct contact with the Earth's surface, known as the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). Dr. Garratt emphasizes the application of the ABL problems to numerical modeling of the climate, which makes this book unique among recent texts on the subject. He begins with a brief introduction to the ABL before leading to the development of mean and turbulence equations and the many scaling laws and theories that are the cornerstone of any serious ABL treatment. Modeling of the ABL is crucially dependent for its realism on the surface boundary conditions, so chapters four and five deal with aerodynamic and energy considerations, with attention given to both dry and wet land surfaces and the sea. The author next treats the structure of the clear-sky, thermally stratified ABL, including the convective and stable cases over homogeneous land, the marine ABL, and the internal boundary layer at the coastline. Chapter seven then extends this discussion to the cloudy ABL. This is particularly relevant to current research because the extensive stratocumulus regions over the subtropical oceans and stratus regions over the Arctic have been identified as key players in the climate system. In the final chapters, Dr. Garratt summarizes the book's material by discussing appropriate ABL and surface parameterization schemes in general circulation models of the atmosphere that are being used for climate stimulation....

Boundary Control and Variation

30 May 2011

**Boundary Control and Variation**

Based on the Working Conference on Boundary Control and Boundary Variation held in Sophia-Antipolis, France, this work provides important examinations of shape optimization and boundary control of hyperbolic systems, including free boundary problems and stabilization. It offers a new approach to large and nonlinear variation of the boundary using global Eulerian co-ordinates and intrinsic geometry. ...

30 May 2011

1994 | 416 | ISBN: 0824792742 | DJVU | 3 Mb

Based on the Working Conference on Boundary Control and Boundary Variation held in Sophia-Antipolis, France, this work provides important examinations of shape optimization and boundary control of hyperbolic systems, including free boundary problems and stabilization. It offers a new approach to large and nonlinear variation of the boundary using global Eulerian co-ordinates and intrinsic geometry. ...

Boundary Integral Equations

11 October 2010

**Boundary Integral Equations**

640 pages | Dec 12, 2007 |ISBN:3540152849 | PDF | 8 Mb

This book is devoted to the basic mathematical properties of solutions to boundary integral equations and presents a systematic approach to the variational methods for the boundary integral equations arising in elasticity, fluid mechanics, and acoustic scattering theory. It may also serve as the mathematical foundation of the boundary element methods. The latter have recently become extremely popular and efficient computational tools in applications. The authors are well known for their fundamental work on boundary integral equations and related topics

11 October 2010

640 pages | Dec 12, 2007 |ISBN:3540152849 | PDF | 8 Mb

This book is devoted to the basic mathematical properties of solutions to boundary integral equations and presents a systematic approach to the variational methods for the boundary integral equations arising in elasticity, fluid mechanics, and acoustic scattering theory. It may also serve as the mathematical foundation of the boundary element methods. The latter have recently become extremely popular and efficient computational tools in applications. The authors are well known for their fundamental work on boundary integral equations and related topics

Surface-Based Remote Sensing of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer

11 November 2013

**Surface-Based Remote Sensing of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer (Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library) by Stefan Emeis**

English | 200 pages | ISBN-10: 9048193397 | 4.7MB

The book presents a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) research. It focuses on experimental ABL research, while most of the books on ABL discuss it from a theoretical or fluid dynamics point of view.

11 November 2013

English | 200 pages | ISBN-10: 9048193397 | 4.7MB

The book presents a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) research. It focuses on experimental ABL research, while most of the books on ABL discuss it from a theoretical or fluid dynamics point of view.

Computational Methods in Engineering. Boundary Value Problems

5 April 2011

**Computational Methods in Engineering. Boundary Value Problems**

Two-point boundary value problems occur in all branches of engineering and science. In these problems the boundary conditions are specified at two points. To complicate the matter, the governing differential equations for a majority of such problems are nonlinear; since analytic solutions do not in general exist, solutions have to be obtained by numerical methods. Methods for the numerical solution of such problems can be separated into two groups, the iterative and the noniterative methods. For linear boundary value problems, solutions can always be obtained noniteratively. For nonlinear problems, iteration is usually needed. It should be emphasized however that there are many methods by which iteration of the solution can be eliminated, thus resulting in considerable savings in computation time. Three chapters in this book are devoted to iterative methods, including the shooting method, the finite-difference method, and the integral equation method. A total of six noniterative methods will be given. Following the order of presentation, these are the methods of superposition, chasing, adjoint operators, transformation, parameter differentiation, and invariant imbedding. ...

5 April 2011

1980 | 346 | ISBN: 0125126506 | DJVU | 2 Mb

Two-point boundary value problems occur in all branches of engineering and science. In these problems the boundary conditions are specified at two points. To complicate the matter, the governing differential equations for a majority of such problems are nonlinear; since analytic solutions do not in general exist, solutions have to be obtained by numerical methods. Methods for the numerical solution of such problems can be separated into two groups, the iterative and the noniterative methods. For linear boundary value problems, solutions can always be obtained noniteratively. For nonlinear problems, iteration is usually needed. It should be emphasized however that there are many methods by which iteration of the solution can be eliminated, thus resulting in considerable savings in computation time. Three chapters in this book are devoted to iterative methods, including the shooting method, the finite-difference method, and the integral equation method. A total of six noniterative methods will be given. Following the order of presentation, these are the methods of superposition, chasing, adjoint operators, transformation, parameter differentiation, and invariant imbedding. ...

Direct and Indirect Boundary Integral Equation Methods

3 June 2011

**Direct and Indirect Boundary Integral Equation Methods**

The computational power currently available means that practitioners can find extremely accurate approximations to the solutions of more and more sophisticated mathematical models-providing they know the right analytical techniques. In relatively simple terms, this book describes a class of techniques that fulfill this need by providing closed-form solutions to many boundary value problems that arise in science and engineering. Boundary integral equation methods (BIEM's) have certain advantages over other procedures for solving such problems: BIEM's are powerful, applicable to a wide variety of situations, elegant, and ideal for numerical treatment. Certain fundamental constructs in BIEM's are also essential ingredients in boundary element methods, often used by scientists and engineers....

3 June 2011

2000 | 216 | ISBN: 0849306396 | DJVU | 1 Mb

The computational power currently available means that practitioners can find extremely accurate approximations to the solutions of more and more sophisticated mathematical models-providing they know the right analytical techniques. In relatively simple terms, this book describes a class of techniques that fulfill this need by providing closed-form solutions to many boundary value problems that arise in science and engineering. Boundary integral equation methods (BIEM's) have certain advantages over other procedures for solving such problems: BIEM's are powerful, applicable to a wide variety of situations, elegant, and ideal for numerical treatment. Certain fundamental constructs in BIEM's are also essential ingredients in boundary element methods, often used by scientists and engineers....

Boundary Methods: Elements, Contours, and Nodes

30 August 2013

**Boundary Methods: Elements, Contours, and Nodes**

ISBN: 0824725999 | edition 2005 | PDF | 235 pages | 3 mb

Boundary Methods: Elements, Contours, and Nodes presents the results of cutting-edge research in boundary-based mesh-free methods. These methods combine the dimensionality advantage of the boundary element method with the ease of discretization of mesh-free methods, both of which, for some problems, hold distinct advantages over the finite element method.

30 August 2013

ISBN: 0824725999 | edition 2005 | PDF | 235 pages | 3 mb

Boundary Methods: Elements, Contours, and Nodes presents the results of cutting-edge research in boundary-based mesh-free methods. These methods combine the dimensionality advantage of the boundary element method with the ease of discretization of mesh-free methods, both of which, for some problems, hold distinct advantages over the finite element method.

Strength and Weathering of Rock As Boundary Layer Problems

5 December 2010

**Strength and Weathering of Rock As Boundary Layer Problems**

DJVUA geology and geoscience reference addressing: the concepts, definitions and experience of strength, the physical-chemical aspects of the strength of pure phases, strengthening of grain packings by 'intermolecular forces,' the behavior of Buntersandstone and lessons for understanding weathering processes, and more. Halftone illustrations. ...

5 December 2010

2001 | 296 | ISBN: 1860942474 | PDF | 3 Mb

DJVUA geology and geoscience reference addressing: the concepts, definitions and experience of strength, the physical-chemical aspects of the strength of pure phases, strengthening of grain packings by 'intermolecular forces,' the behavior of Buntersandstone and lessons for understanding weathering processes, and more. Halftone illustrations. ...

Shock Wave Boundary Layer Interactions

25 April 2012

**Shock Wave-Boundary Layer Interactions By Holger Babinsky John K. Harvey**

2011 | 480 Pages | ISBN: 0521848520 | PDF | 12 MB

25 April 2012

2011 | 480 Pages | ISBN: 0521848520 | PDF | 12 MB

Discrete and Continuous Boundary Problems

25 May 2011

**Discrete and Continuous Boundary Problems**

To compare the discrete with the continuous, to search for analogies between them, and ultimately to effect their unification, are patterns of mathematical development that did not begin with Zeno, and certainly did not end with Leibnitz and Newton, nor even with Riemann and Stieltjes. Such a pattern of investigation is especially appropriate to the theory of boundary problems, for which the discrete and the continuous pervade both physical origins and mathematical methods. It is the aim of this book to present in this light the theory of boundary problems in one dimension, that is to say, for "ordinary" differential equations and their analogs and extensions. It would be highly desirable to develop a corresponding theory for partial differential equations and their analogs; however, here the discrete theory seems ill-developed, and unification remote indeed. ...

25 May 2011

1964 | 570 | ISBN: 012065850X | DJVU | 3 Mb

To compare the discrete with the continuous, to search for analogies between them, and ultimately to effect their unification, are patterns of mathematical development that did not begin with Zeno, and certainly did not end with Leibnitz and Newton, nor even with Riemann and Stieltjes. Such a pattern of investigation is especially appropriate to the theory of boundary problems, for which the discrete and the continuous pervade both physical origins and mathematical methods. It is the aim of this book to present in this light the theory of boundary problems in one dimension, that is to say, for "ordinary" differential equations and their analogs and extensions. It would be highly desirable to develop a corresponding theory for partial differential equations and their analogs; however, here the discrete theory seems ill-developed, and unification remote indeed. ...