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Differential Geometry and Topology, Discrete and Computational Geometry
12 February 2011

Differential Geometry and Topology, Discrete and Computational Geometry

Differential Geometry and Topology, Discrete and Computational Geometry

2005 | 385 | ISBN: 158603507X | DJVU | 3 Mb

The aim of this volume is to give an introduction and overview to differential topology, differential geometry and computational geometry with an emphasis on some interconnections between these three domains of mathematics. The chapters give the background required to begin research in these fields or at their interfaces. They introduce new research domains and both old and new conjectures in these different subjects show some interaction between other sciences close to mathematics. Topics discussed are; the basis of differential topology and combinatorial topology, the link between differential geometry and topology, Riemanian geometry (Levi-Civita connextion, curvature tensor, geodesic, completeness and curvature tensor), characteristic classes (to associate every fibre bundle with isomorphic fiber bundles), the link between differential geometry and the geometry of non smooth objects, computational geometry and concrete applications such as structural geology and graphism....
Selected Works of Ellis Kolchin with Commentary
28 July 2010

Selected Works of Ellis Kolchin with Commentary
Selected Works of Ellis Kolchin with Commentary
American Mathematical Society 1999 | 639 | ISBN: 0821805428 | PDF | 10
The work of Joseph Fels Ritt and Ellis Kolchin in differential algebra paved the way for exciting new applications in constructive symbolic computation, differential Galois theory, the model theory of fields, and Diophantine geometry. This volume assembles Kolchin's mathematical papers, contributing solidly to the archive on construction of modern differential algebra. This collection of Kolchin's clear and comprehensive papers--in themselves constituting a history of the subject--is an invaluable aid to the student of differential algebra. In 1910, Ritt created a theory of algebraic differential equations modeled not on the existing transcendental methods of Lie, but rather on the new algebra being developed by E. Noether and B. van der Waerden. Building on Ritt's foundation, and deeply influenced by Weil and Chevalley, Kolchin opened up Ritt theory to modern algebraic geometry. In so doing, he led differential geometry in a new direction. By creating differential algebraic geometry and the theory of differential algebraic groups, Kolchin provided the foundation for a ``new geometry'' that has led to both a striking and an original approach to arithmetic algebraic geometry. Intriguing possibilities were introduced for a new language for nonlinear differential equations theory. The volume includes commentary by A. Borel, M. Singer, and B. Poizat. Also Buium and Cassidy trace the development of Kolchin's ideas, from his important early work on the differential Galois theory to his later groundbreaking results on the theory of differential algebraic geometry and differential algebraic groups. Commentaries are self-contained with numerous examples of various aspects of differential algebra and its applications. Central topics of Kolchin's work are discussed, presenting the history of differential algebra and exploring how his work grew from and transformed the work of Ritt. New directions of differential algebra are illustrated, outlining important current advances. Prerequisite to understanding the text is a background at the beginning graduate level in algebra, specifically commutative algebra, the theory of field extensions, and Galois theory. ...
Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations in Differential Geometry, Volume 2
8 April 2011

Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations in Differential Geometry, Volume 2

Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations in Differential Geometry, Volume 2

1995 | 339 | ISBN: 0821804316 | DJVU | 6 Mb

What distinguishes differential geometry in the last half of the twentieth century from its earlier history is the use of nonlinear partial differential equations in the study of curved manifolds, submanifolds, mapping problems, and function theory on manifolds, among other topics. The differential equations appear as tools and as objects of study, with analytic and geometric advances fueling each other in the current explosion of progress in this area of geometry in the last twenty years. This book contains lecture notes of minicourses at the Regional Geometry Institute at Park City, Utah, in July 1992. Presented here are surveys of breaking developments in a number of areas of nonlinear partial differential equations in differential geometry. The authors of the articles are not only excellent expositors, but are also leaders in this field of research. All of the articles provide in-depth treatment of the topics and require few prerequisites and less background than current research articles. ...
Discrete Differential Geometry
22 December 2010

Discrete Differential Geometry

Discrete Differential Geometry by Alexander I. Bobenko, Peter Schroder, John M. Sullivan, Gunter M. Ziegler

Birkhauser Basel | 2008 | ISBN: 3764386207 | 341 pages | PDF | 15 MB

Discrete differential geometry is an active mathematical terrain where differential geometry and discrete geometry meet and interact. It provides discrete equivalents of the geometric notions and methods of differential geometry, such as notions of curvature and integrability for polyhedral surfaces. Current progress in this field is to a large extent stimulated by its relevance for computer graphics and mathematical physics. This collection of essays, which documents the main lectures of the 2004 Oberwolfach Seminar on the topic, as well as a number of additional contributions by key participants, gives a lively, multi-facetted introduction to this emerging field.
Elementary Differential Geometry
4 December 2012

Elementary Differential Geometry
Elementary Differential Geometry
Publisher: Cambridge University Press | 2010 | PDF | 330 pages | ISBN: 0521721490 | 5.4Mb

The link between the physical world and its visualization is geometry. This easy-to-read, generously illustrated textbook presents an elementary introduction to differential geometry with emphasis on geometric results. Avoiding formalism as much as possible, the author harnesses basic mathematical skills in analysis and linear algebra to solve interesting geometric problems, which prepare students for more advanced study in mathematics and other scientific fields such as physics and computer science. The wide range of topics includes curve theory, a detailed study of surfaces, curvature, variation of area and minimal surfaces, geodesics, spherical and hyperbolic geometry, the divergence theorem, triangulations, and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem. The section on cartography demonstrates the concrete importance of elementary differential geometry in applications. Clearly developed arguments and proofs, colour illustrations, and over 100 exercises and solutions make this book ideal for courses and self-study. The only prerequisites are one year of undergraduate calculus and linear algebra.
Applied Differential Geometry
24 January 2011

Applied Differential Geometry

Applied Differential Geometry

1985 | 436 | ISBN: 0521269296 | DJVU | 2 Mb

0521263174This is a self-contained introductory textbook on the calculus of differential forms and modern differential geometry. The intended audience is physicists, so the author emphasises applications and geometrical reasoning in order to give results and concepts a precise but intuitive meaning without getting bogged down in analysis. The large number of diagrams helps elucidate the fundamental ideas. Mathematical topics covered include differentiable manifolds, differential forms and twisted forms, the Hodge star operator, exterior differential systems and symplectic geometry. All of the mathematics is motivated and illustrated by useful physical examples. ...
New Approach to Differential Geometry using Clifford's Geometric Algebra
2 December 2013

New Approach to Differential Geometry using Clifford's Geometric Algebra
A New Approach to Differential Geometry using Clifford's Geometric Algebra
English | ISBN: 0817682821 | 2011 | PDF | 476 pages | 5,4 mb

Differential geometry is the study of the curvature and calculus of curves and surfaces. A New Approach to Differential Geometry using Clifford's Geometric Algebra simplifies the discussion to an accessible level of differential geometry by introducing Clifford algebra.
Solving Ordinary Differential Equations II: Stiff and Differential-Algebraic Problems
26 March 2010

Solving Ordinary Differential Equations II: Stiff and Differential-Algebraic Problems


Solving Ordinary Differential Equations II: Stiff and Differential-Algebraic Problems
Springer | 2010 | ISBN: 3642052207, 3540604529 | 614 pages | PDF | 59,5 MB


The subject of this book is the solution of stiff differential equations and of differential-algebraic systems (differential equations with constraints). The book is divided into four chapters. The beginning of each chapter is of introductory nature, followed by practical applications, the discussion of numerical results, theoretical investigations on the order and accuracy, linear and nonlinear stability, convergence and asymptotic expansions.
Selected Topics in Integral Geometry
12 October 2010

Selected Topics in Integral Geometry

Selected Topics in Integral Geometry

American Mathematical Society 2003 | 170 | ISBN: 0821829327 | PDF | 6 Mb

The miracle of integral geometry is that it is often possible to recover a function on a manifold just from the knowledge of its integrals over certain submanifolds. The founding example is the Radon transform, introduced at the beginning of the 20th century. Since then, many other transforms were found, and the general theory was developed. Moreover, many important practical applications were discovered. The best known, but by no means the only one, being to medical tomography. This book is a general introduction to integral geometry, the first from this point of view for almost four decades. The authors, all leading experts in the field, represent one of the most influential schools in integral geometry. The book presents in detail basic examples of integral geometry problems, such as the Radon transform on the plane and in space, the John transform, the Minkowski-Funk transform, integral geometry on the hyperbolic plane and in the hyperbolic space, the horospherical transform and its relation to representations of $SL(2,\mathbb C)$, integral geometry on quadrics, etc. The study of these examples allows the authors to explain important general topics of integral geometry, such as the Cavalieri conditions, local and nonlocal inversion formulas, and overdetermined problems in integral geometry. Many of the results in the book were obtained by the authors in the course of their career-long work in integral geometry. This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers working in integral geometry and its applications. ...
Problems on Mapping Class Groups And Related Topics
30 September 2011

Problems on Mapping Class Groups And Related Topics

Problems on Mapping Class Groups And Related Topics

2006 | 371 | ISBN: 0821838385 | PDF | 3 Mb

The appearance of mapping class groups in mathematics is ubiquitous. The book presents 23 papers containing problems about mapping class groups, the moduli space of Riemann surfaces, Teichmaller geometry, and related areas. Each paper focusses completely on open problems and directions. The problems range in scope from specific computations, to broad programs. The goal is to have a rich source of problems which have been formulated explicitly and accessibly. The book is divided into four parts. Part I contains problems on the combinatorial and cohomological group-theoretic aspects of mapping class groups, and the way in which these relate to problems in geometry and topology. Part II concentrates on connections with classification problems in 3-manifold theory, the theory of symplectic 4-manifolds, and algebraic geometry. A wide variety of problems, from understanding billiard trajectories to the classification of Kleinian groups, can be reduced to differential and synthetic geometry problems about moduli space. Such problems and connections are discussed in Part III. Mapping class groups are related, both concretely and philosophically, to a number of other groups, such as braid groups, lattices in semisimple Lie groups, and automorphism groups of free groups. Part IV concentrates on problems surrounding these relationships. This book should be of interest to anyone studying geometry, topology, algebraic geometry or infinite groups. It is meant to provide inspiration for everyone from graduate students to senior researchers. ...