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The Paradox of Scientific Authority: The Role of Scientific Advice in Democracies
30 April 2011

The Paradox of Scientific Authority: The Role of Scientific Advice in Democracies

The Paradox of Scientific Authority: The Role of Scientific Advice in Democracies

2009 | 232 | ISBN: 0262026589 | PDF | 1 Mb

0262524929Today, scientific advice is asked for (and given) on questions ranging from stem-cell research to genetically modified food. And yet it often seems that the more urgently scientific advice is solicited, the more vigorously scientific authority is questioned by policy makers, stakeholders, and citizens. This book examines a paradox: how scientific advice can be influential in society even when the status of science and scientists seems to be at a low ebb. The authors do this by means of an ethnographic study of the creation of scientific authority at one of the key sites for the interaction of science, policy, and society: the scientific advisory committee....
Kathleen P. Long, Gender and Scientific Discourse in Early Modern Culture (Literary and Scientific Cultures of Early Modernity)
15 May 2011

Kathleen P. Long, Gender and Scientific Discourse in Early Modern Culture (Literary and Scientific Cultures of Early Modernity)

Kathleen P. Long, Gender and Scientific Discourse in Early Modern Culture (Literary and Scientific Cultures of Early Modernity)
Publisher: Ashgate | 2010 | ISBN: 0754669718 | PDF | 330 pages | 23.2 MB


In the wake of new interest in alchemy as more significant than a bizarre aberration in rational Western European culture, this collection examines both alchemical and medical discourses in the larger context of early modern Europe. How do early scientific discourses infiltrate other cultural domains such as literature, philosophy, court life, and the conduct of households? How do these new contexts deflect scientific pursuits into new directions, and allow a larger participation in the elaboration of scientific methods and perspectives? Might there have been a scientific subculture, particularly surrounding alchemy, which allowed women to participate in scientific pursuits long before they were admitted in an investigative capacity into official academic settings? This volume poses those questions, as a starting point for a broader discussion of scientific subcultures and their relationship to the restructuring and questioning of gender roles.
Scientific American 1993-2012
27 June 2012

Scientific American 1993-2012

Scientific American 1993-2012
240 Issues from 1993 to 2012
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120 Issues Scientific American Mind from 2003 to 2012
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38 Special Editions
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22 Special Online Editions
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4 Books
= 424 Issues | .pdf format | 2.75 GB Uncompressed

Scientific American (informally abbreviated to SciAm) is a popular science magazine published since August 28, 1845, which according to the magazine makes it the oldest continuously published magazine in the United States. It brings articles about new and innovative research to the amateur and lay audience. Scientific American had a worldwide monthly circulation of roughly 733,000 as of December 2008, including newsstand sales of over 100,000 It is not a refereed scientific journal, such as Nature; rather, it is a forum where scientific theories and discoveries are explained to a broader audience.
Scientific American - April 2012
28 March 2012

Scientific American - April 2012

Scientific American – April 2012
English | 96 pages | True PDF | 32.00 MB


Scientific American (informally abbreviated to SciAm) is a popular science magazine published since August 28, 1845, which according to the magazine makes it the oldest continuously published magazine in the United States. It brings articles about new and innovative research to the amateur and lay audience. Scientific American had a worldwide monthly circulation of roughly 733,000 as of December 2008, including newsstand sales of over 100,000 It is not a refereed scientific journal, such as Nature; rather, it is a forum where scientific theories and discoveries are explained to a broader audience.
The Ultimate Collection of Scientific American 1993-2012
4 July 2012


The Ultimate Collection of Scientific American 1993-2012
The Ultimate Collection of Scientific American 1993-2012
English | PDF | Collection | 2.76 Gb

This is the most comprehensive archive of Scientific American magazine you will find on the net. This torrent contains all the issues of Scientific American from 1993 - June 2012 (Present). For those that are unfamiliar to this magazine it is one of the best sources for current scientific knowledge and advances in engineering. In terms of technical depth they lie somewhere between peer-reviewed academic journals and science shows on the Discovery Channel. Their high quality of journalism allows most "lay-persons" to pick them up and read them though.
Experiencing Nature: The Spanish American Empire and the Early Scientific Revolution
6 November 2011

Experiencing Nature: The Spanish American Empire and the Early Scientific Revolution

Experiencing Nature: The Spanish American Empire and the Early Scientific Revolution

2006 | 223 | ISBN: 0292709811 | PDF | 2 Mb

As Spain colonized the Americas during the sixteenth century, Spanish soldiers, bureaucrats, merchants, adventurers, physicians, ship pilots, and friars explored the natural world, gathered data, drew maps, and sent home specimens of America's vast resources of animals, plants, and minerals. This amassing of empirical knowledge about Spain's American possessions had two far-reaching effects. It overturned the medieval understanding of nature derived from Classical texts and helped initiate the modern scientific revolution. And it allowed Spain to commodify and control the natural resources upon which it built its American empire. In this book, Antonio Barrera-Osorio investigates how Spain's need for accurate information about its American colonies gave rise to empirical scientific practices and their institutionalization, which, he asserts, was Spain's chief contribution to the early scientific revolution. He also conclusively links empiricism to empire-building as he focuses on five areas of Spanish activity in America: the search for commodities in, and the ecological transformation of, the New World; the institutionalization of navigational and information-gathering practices at the Spanish Casa de la Contratacion (House of Trade); the development of instruments and technologies for exploiting the natural resources of the Americas; the use of reports and questionnaires for gathering information; and the writing of natural histories about the Americas....
Don't Get Sick After June: American Indian Healthcare (2010)Don't Get Sick After June: American Indian Healthcare (2010)
13 April 2012

Don't Get Sick After June: American Indian Healthcare (2010)Don't Get Sick After June: American Indian Healthcare (2010)
Don't Get Sick After June: American Indian Healthcare (2010)
English | 57mn 3s | XVID | 1 500 Kbps | 640x480 | 29.970 fps | MP3 | 128 kbps | 670.31 MB
Genre: Documentary
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Photography Magazines Collection June-July 2013
21 June 2013

Photography Magazines Collection June-July 2013
Photography Magazines Collection June-July 2013
22 Magazines | 1.43 GB

Photography Monthly Magazine - July 2013 / Digital SLR Photography - July 2013 / Amateur Photographer - June 15, 2013 / Digital Photographer UK - Issue 136 2013 / N-Photo - July 2013 / Amateur Photographer - June 8, 2013 / Outdoor Photography - July 2013 / What Digital Camera - July 2013 / National Geographic Traveler USA - June/July 2013 / Advanced Photoshop - Issue 110, 2013 / Shutterbug - July 2013 / Professional Photographer UK - July 2013 / Smart Photography - June 2013 / Photo Life Magazine June/July 2013 / Digital Arts - July 2013 / Outdoor Photographer Magazine July 2013 / Popular Photography - July 2013 / Black + White Photography - July 2013 / American Photo - July/August 2013 / Pro Photo - June 2013 / Amateur Photographer - June 22, 2013 / Vieworld Photomagazine - Issue 2 2013
Creating Scientific Concepts
1 November 2011

Creating Scientific Concepts

Creating Scientific Concepts

2008 | 272 | ISBN: 0262141051 | PDF | 2 Mb

How do novel scientific concepts arise? In Creating Scientific Concepts, Nancy Nersessian seeks to answer this central but virtually unasked question in the problem of conceptual change. She argues that the popular image of novel concepts and profound insight bursting forth in a blinding flash of inspiration is mistaken. Instead, novel concepts are shown to arise out of the interplay of three factors: an attempt to solve specific problems; the use of conceptual, analytical, and material resources provided by the cognitive-social-cultural context of the problem; and dynamic processes of reasoning that extend ordinary cognition. Focusing on the third factor, Nersessian draws on cognitive science research and historical accounts of scientific practices to show how scientific and ordinary cognition lie on a continuum, and how problem-solving practices in one illuminate practices in the other. Her investigations of scientific practices show conceptual change as deriving from the use of analogies, imagistic representations, and thought experiments, integrated with experimental investigations and mathematical analyses. She presents a view of constructed models as hybrid objects, serving as intermediaries between targets and analogical sources in bootstrapping processes. Extending these results, she argues that these complex cognitive operations and structures are not mere aids to discovery, but that together they constitute a powerful form of reasoning--model-based reasoning--that generates novelty. This new approach to mental modeling and analogy, together with Nersessian's cognitive-historical approach, make Creating Scientific Concepts equally valuable to cognitive science and philosophy of science....
Scientific Structuralism (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science)
1 December 2011

Scientific Structuralism (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science)

Scientific Structuralism (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science)

2010 | 201 | ISBN: 9048195969 | PDF | 3 Mb

Recently there has been a revival of interest in structuralist approaches to science. Taking their lead from scientific structuralists such as Henri Poincare, Ernst Cassirer, and Bertrand Russell, some contemporary philosophers and scientists have argued that the most fruitful approach to solving many problems in the philosophy of science lies in focusing on the structural features of our scientific theories. Much of the work in scientific structuralism to date has been focused on the problem of scientific realism, where it has been argued that even in cases of radical theory change the most important structural features of predecessor theories are preserved. These structural realists argue that what our most successful theories get right about the world is these abstract structural features, rather than any particular ontological claims. More recently, philosophers of science have adopted structuralist approaches to many other issues in the philosophy of science, such as scientific explanation and intertheory relations. The nine articles collected in this volume, written by the leading researchers in scientific structuralism, represent some of the most important directions of research in this field. This book will be of particular interest to those philosophers, scientists, and mathematicians who are interested in the foundations of science....