The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms


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Philosophical Aspects of Symbolic Reasoning in Early Modern Mathematics
2 March 2012

Philosophical Aspects of Symbolic Reasoning in Early Modern Mathematics

Philosophical Aspects of Symbolic Reasoning in Early Modern Mathematics

2010 | 326 | ISBN: 1848900171 | PDF | 4 Mb

The novel use of symbolism in early modern mathematics poses both philosophical and historical questions. How can we trace its development and transmission through manuscript sources? Is it intrinsically related to the emergence of symbolic algebra? How does symbolism relate to the use of diagrams? What are the consequences of symbolic reasoning on our understanding of nature? Can a symbolic language enable new forms of reasoning? Does a universal symbolic language exists which enables us to express all knowledge? This book brings together a collection of papers that address all these and related questions ? which were initially posed on a conference held in Ghent (Belgium) in August 2009. Scholars working on philosophy of science, history of philosophy and history of mathematics provide an insight into the role and function of symbolic representations in the development of early modern mathematics. The papers cover the period from early abbaco arithmetic and algebra (14th century) up to Leibniz (early 18th century)....
Philosophical Aspects of Symbolic Reasoning in Early Modern Mathematics
3 March 2012

Philosophical Aspects of Symbolic Reasoning in Early Modern Mathematics

Philosophical Aspects of Symbolic Reasoning in Early Modern Mathematics

2010 | 326 | ISBN: 1848900171 | PDF | 4 Mb

The novel use of symbolism in early modern mathematics poses both philosophical and historical questions. How can we trace its development and transmission through manuscript sources? Is it intrinsically related to the emergence of symbolic algebra? How does symbolism relate to the use of diagrams? What are the consequences of symbolic reasoning on our understanding of nature? Can a symbolic language enable new forms of reasoning? Does a universal symbolic language exists which enables us to express all knowledge? This book brings together a collection of papers that address all these and related questions ? which were initially posed on a conference held in Ghent (Belgium) in August 2009. Scholars working on philosophy of science, history of philosophy and history of mathematics provide an insight into the role and function of symbolic representations in the development of early modern mathematics. The papers cover the period from early abbaco arithmetic and algebra (14th century) up to Leibniz (early 18th century)....
Symbolic Landscapes
5 August 2011

Symbolic Landscapes

Symbolic Landscapes

2009 | 420 | ISBN: 1402087020 | PDF | 8 Mb

Symbolic Landscapes presents a definitive collection of landscape/place studies that explores symbolic, cultural levels of geographical meanings. Essays written by philosophers, geographers, architects, social scientists, art historians, and literati, bring specific modes of expertise and perspectives to this transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary study of the symbolic level human existential spatiality. Placing emphasis on the pre-cognitive genesis of symbolic meaning, as well as embodied, experiential (lived) geography, the volume offers a fresh, quasi-phenomenological approach. The editors articulate the epistemological doctrine that perception and imagination form a continuum in which both are always implicated as complements. This approach makes a case for the interrelation of the geography of perception and the geography of imagination, which means that human/cultural geography offers only an abstraction if indeed an aesthetic geography is constituted merely as a sub-field. Human/cultural geography can only approach spatial reality through recognizing the intimate interrelative dialectic between the imaginative and perceptual meanings of our landscapes/place-worlds. This volume reinvigorates the importance of the topic of symbolism in human/cultural geography, landscape studies, philosophy of place, architecture and planning, and will stand among the classics in the field. ...
Symbolic Data Analysis and the SODAS SoftwareAnalysis
25 July 2011

Symbolic Data Analysis and the SODAS SoftwareAnalysis


Symbolic Data Analysis and the SODAS SoftwareAnalysis


Publisher: Wiley-Interscience (March 21, 2008) | ISBN: 0470018836 | 476 pages | PDF | 12 Mb



Symbolic data analysis is a relatively new field that provides a range of methods for analyzing complex datasets. Standard statistical methods do not have the power or flexibility to make sense of very large datasets, and symbolic data analysis techniques have been developed in order to extract knowledge from such data. Symbolic data methods differ from that of data mining, for example, because rather than identifying points of interest in the data, symbolic data methods allow the user to build models of the data and make predictions about future events. This book is the result of the work f a pan-European project team led by Edwin Diday following 3 years work sponsored by EUROSTAT. It includes a full explanation of the new SODAS software developed as a result of this project. The software and methods described highlight the crossover between statistics and computer science, with a particular emphasis on data mining.
Philosophy And Philosophers: An Introduction To Western Philosophy
24 October 2010

Philosophy And Philosophers: An Introduction To Western Philosophy

Philosophy And Philosophers: An Introduction To Western Philosophy

McGill-Queen's University Press 1993 | 324 | ISBN: 1857280741 | PDF | 19 Mb

"Philosophy and philosophers" is an introduction to Western philosophy aimed directly at those who are unfamiliar with the nature of philosophy and its history. As a survey of the ideas of history's major thinkers and of the central areas of philosophy, the book should be of value as a source of reference to both student and general reader alike. Organized around the main schools of thought, and ranging from ancient Greece through the explosion of ideas in the 17th century to the Enlightenment and the challenge of 20th-century philosophy, each chapter assesses the contribution of a philosopher with particular attention paid to the key areas of the theory of knowledge, the nature of reality and the nature of philosophy itself. An extensive annotated bibliography is included which serves as an invaluable guide to works by and about the philosophers discussed. ...
Evolution in Four Dimensions: Genetic, Epigenetic, Behavioral, and Symbolic Variation in the History of Life
26 December 2010

Evolution in Four Dimensions: Genetic, Epigenetic, Behavioral, and Symbolic Variation in the History of Life

Evolution in Four Dimensions: Genetic, Epigenetic, Behavioral, and Symbolic Variation in the History of Life

2006 | 474 | ISBN: 0262600692 | EPUB | 3 Mb

Ideas about heredity and evolution are undergoing a revolutionary change. New findings in molecular biology challenge the gene-centered version of Darwinian theory according to which adaptation occurs only through natural selection of chance DNA variations. In Evolution in Four Dimensions, Eva Jablonka and Marion Lamb argue that there is more to heredity than genes. They trace four "dimensions" in evolution—four inheritance systems that play a role in evolution: genetic, epigenetic (or non-DNA cellular transmission of traits), behavioral, and symbolic (transmission through language and other forms of symbolic communication). These systems, they argue, can all provide variations on which natural selection can act. Evolution in Four Dimensions offers a richer, more complex view of evolution than the gene-based, one-dimensional view held by many today. The new synthesis advanced by Jablonka and Lamb makes clear that induced and acquired changes also play a role in evolution....
Symbolic Projection for Image Information Retrieval and Spatial Reasoning
1 August 2012

Symbolic Projection for Image Information Retrieval and Spatial Reasoning

Symbolic Projection for Image Information Retrieval and Spatial Reasoning
English | 1996 | ISBN: 0121680304 | 339 pages | PDF | 14.6 MB

Information systems with an abundance of graphics data are growing rapidly due to advances in data storage technology, the development of multimedia communications across networks, and the fact that parallel computers are leading to faster image processing systems.

This book addresses image information retrieval and spatial reasoning using an approach called Symbolic Projection, which supports descriptions of the image content on the basis of the spatial relationships between the pictorial objects. Image information systems have a wide variety of applications, including information retrieval on the World Wide Web, medical pictorial archiving, computer-aided design, robotics, and geographical information systems, and this book is comprehensively illustrated with examples from these areas.

Symbolic Projection now forms the basis of an enormous number and range of information retrieval algorithms, and also supports query-by-picture and qualitative spatial reasoning. Both authors are international experts in the field, and the book will serve as an excellent source for those working in multimedia systems and image information systems who wish to find out more about this exciting area.
Symbolic Logic and Mechanical Theorem Proving
30 September 2011

Symbolic Logic and Mechanical Theorem Proving

Symbolic Logic and Mechanical Theorem Proving

1973 | 331 | ISBN: 0121703509 | DJVU | 2 Mb

This book contains an introduction to symbolic logic and a thorough discussion of mechanical theorem proving and its applications. The book consists of three major parts. Chapters 2 and 3 constitute an introduction to symbolic logic. Chapters 4-9 introduce several techniques in mechanical theorem proving, and Chapters 10 an 11 show how theorem proving can be applied to various areas such as question answering, problem solving, program analysis, and program synthesis. ...
Perspectives of Neural-Symbolic Integration
1 August 2012

Perspectives of Neural-Symbolic Integration

Perspectives of Neural-Symbolic Integration
2007 | ISBN: 354073953X | PDF | 320 pages | 8 MB

The human brain possesses the remarkable capability of understanding, interpreting, and producing language, structures, and logic. Unlike their biological counterparts, artificial neural networks do not form such a close liason with symbolic reasoning: logic-based inference mechanisms and statistical machine learning constitute two major and very different paradigms in artificial intelligence with complementary strengths and weaknesses. Modern application scenarios in robotics, bioinformatics, language processing, etc., however require both the efficiency and noise-tolerance of statistical models and the generalization ability and high-level modelling of structural inference meachanisms. A variety of approaches has therefore been proposed for combining the two paradigms.

This carefully edited volume contains state-of-the-art contributions in neural-symbolic integration, covering `loose' coupling by means of structure kernels or recursive models as well as `strong' coupling of logic and neural networks. It brings together a representative selection of results presented by some of the top researchers in the field, covering theoretical foundations, algorithmic design, and state-of-the-art applications in robotics and bioinformatics.
Lacan, Language, and Philosophy (Insinuations Philosophy, Psychoanalysis, Literature)
27 July 2011

Lacan, Language, and Philosophy (Insinuations Philosophy, Psychoanalysis, Literature)

Lacan, Language, and Philosophy (Insinuations Philosophy, Psychoanalysis, Literature)

2008 | 216 | ISBN: 0791473457 | PDF | 7 Mb

Lacan, Language, and Philosophy explores the linguistic turn in psychoanalysis taken by Jacques Lacan. Russell Grigg provides lively and accessible readings of Lacan and Freud that are grounded in clinical experience and informed by a background in analytic philosophy. He addresses key issues in Lacanian psychoanalysis, from the clinical (how psychosis results from the foreclosure of the signifier the Name-of-the Father; the father as a symbolic function; the place of transference) to the philosophical (the logic of the "pas-tout"; the link between the superego and Kant's categorical imperative; a critique of Zizek's account of radical change). Grigg's expertise and knowledge of psychoanalysis produce a major contribution to contemporary philosophical and psychoanalytic debates....